Framing System

It is the various methods used to stiffen the bottom shel and side, plating of a ship against the compressive forces of the sea.


  1. Transverse Framing System.
  2. Longitudinal Framing System.
  3. Combined Framing System.
1. Transverse Framing System:

  • A framing system which is often adopted for the ships experiencing severe racking stress and having dominance over sagging and hogging stress.
  • Deck beams are used to support deck and beams are supported by deck girders, knees are used to connect beam to ship side framing.
  • Transverse frames at 3 m interval used to support the ship side plating through the length of the ship.
  • Floor plates at 3 m intervals with center and side girders used to stiffen the double bottom space. 
2. Longitudinal Framing System : 

  • A framing system which is often adopted for tankers and must be used for vessels greater than 198 metres in length.
  • Longitudinal stiffeners are used along the ships sides and throughout the tanks length.
  • Side and bottom transverses are used to support the longitudinals against compressive loading.
  • Longitudinal bulkheads are provided to divide the cargo tank into center tank and wing tanks.
  • Griders are used to support deck and bottom plating.
3. Combined Framing System :

  • A framing system with best compromise to suite the INSITU structural demand to counter act the composite stress and strain.
  • Decks are supported by deck transverse with deck longitudinals interconnected the deck girders are used to support deck transverse.
  • Transverse frames along with side longitudinals used to support the ship side plating.
  • Floor plates with longitudinals and girders are used to strengthen the double bottle space. Brackets and knees are used to connecting members.

1 comment:

  1. Are all warships use the combined approach? Or only certain warships?


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